ADD/ADHD

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurological condition affecting both learning and behavior.  It seems to be caused by a weakness in how the brain uses chemicals of neurotransmitters.

The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Fourth Revision lists the following symptoms of ADHD:

Symptoms of Inattention

  • careless mistakes in schoolwork, work or other activities
  • has a hard time sustaining attention in tasks or play
  • often does not seem to listen to what others are saying
  • often does not follow through on instructions and often fails to finish homework
  • has difficulty organizing tasks and activities
  • often avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental effort
  • often loses things
  • is often distracted by other things that go on in the room
  • forgetfulness

Hyperactive-Impulsive Symptoms

  • fidgets and squirms with hands or feet in seat
  • inability to stay seated
  • climbing on things when inappropriate
  • often acts as if 'motor driven' - difficulty with leisure activities
  • often talks excessively
  • difficulty waiting in lines
  • often interrupts others

These symptoms begin before seven years of age and apply to individuals with at least six of the symptoms, which must be present at least six months before the diagnosis.