An "individual with a disability" is a person who:
has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities;
has a record of such impairment; or
is regarded as having such an impairment.
A "physical or mental impairment" means:
- any physiologic disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement, or anatomical loss affecting one or more of the following body systems: neurological; musculoskeletal; special sense organs; respiratory, including speech organs; cardiovascular; reproductive; digestive, genito-urinary; hemic and lymphatic; skin, and endocrine; or
- any mental or psychological disorder, such as mental retardation, organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness, and specific learning disabilities.
A "major life activity" means:
a basic, everyday physical or mental function that the average person in the general population has little or no difficulty performing. Major life activities include learning, speaking, working, hearing, seeing, breathing, caring for oneself, walking, or performing manual tasks.
To determine if the impairment "substantially limits" a major life activity, look at:
- the nature and severity of the impairment;
- how long it will last or is expected to last; and
- its permanent or long-term impact, or expected impact.
"Record of impairment" means an individual has:
- a history of impairment; or
- a record of having been misclassified as having an impairment.
"Regarded as impaired" means an individual:
- has an impairment not limiting a major life activity, but is treated as disabled; or
- does not have an impairment, but is treated as disabled.
"Otherwise qualified" means an individual is able to meet the technical and academic qualifications for entry into the school, program or activity.